Author: Nicolò Sabbadin
Professors: Barbara Croce, Alessandro Trevisan
Politecnico di Milano
Lentate sul Seveso in the province of Monza, is a municipality which, due to the direct connection with the infrastructure that leads to Milan and Monza, is predominantly inhabited as a dormitory-village without a precise identity, predominantly inhabited by older people and commuters who are not involved in the life of the country.
This commune however, in the industrial era, housed the textile industrial complex Schiatti; its textile production was acknowledged and appreciated at regional level and all social and economic life revolved around it. To date, however, this textile production remains only a reminder and the industrial complex is in a state of total abandonment and decay. It’s from this condition that arises the necessity to restore a strong identity to Lentate on Seveso through the upgrading, recovery and refunctionalization of the former industrial complex Schiatti.
The cohousing project expected the demolition of the most decadent structures and the recovery of buildings that formerly accommodated the chassis and management offices. New activities will be set up like shops, restaurants, offices, auditoriums, gyms, generational centers and artisan training centers; the outdoor space includes equipped green areas, a covered square to serve the commercial activities and the construction of the new town hall square. The project also involves the realization of a residential cohousing complex: this cohousing complex aims to bring the concepts of community life, sharing and participation into the municipality (concepts that are still struggling to integrate into Italian mentality) associated with technological innovation, reduced fuel consumption and clean energy.
More specifically, in the basement floors are located the geothermal system that supply hot or cold water from the aquatic groundwater and, connecting to radiant heating systems, guarantee residents a comfort condition throughout the year; on the ground floor, are located the community rooms, the entrance hall and the common service rooms. The building has its longer sides oriented towards the North and South; this has allowed to obtain the apartments that respect the principles of the optimal distribution of the interior spaces, and the natural ventilation guaranteed by the window layout is integrated into controlled mechanical ventilation systems, so that also in winter, without opening windows, is guaranteed continuous air exchange with a minimum energy consumption.
Finally, the extensive-green roof guarantees high thermal insulation without the need for continuous maintenance and the home automation systems connected to the mitigation systems allow the resident to handle the sunlight at will.