Author: Kailun Sun
Faculty: Peggy Deamer
Yale school of architecture
As a response to the current political dilemma of whether to move the existing domestic terminal outside Reykjavík, the project tries to find a new meaning for its existence inside the city through circulation, traffic and movement. In the proposed master plan of Reykjavik, an under utilized runway is got rid of to give space for the extension of the city grid in the southeast direction. On the other hand, at the south end of the city, to emphasize the connection between Reykjavík and the neighboring municipal, a cardinal city grid is laid out as the extension of Kópavogur, to meet the extended city grid from the north.
The new terminal is chosen to be located at the intersection of two grid systems as the new transportation hub of Reykjavík that combines the airport terminal with the local bus terminal. The original highway will extend from the historical downtown Reykjavík to the terminal and also further to the bus terminal in Kópavogur across the ocean bay. The new terminal takes the challenge to organize and direct different circulation flows including buses, cars, pedestrians, baggage, using folding surfaces, to integrate the exterior landscape and the interior programs, when the traffic from the two axes all meets inside. To better separate traffic flows vehicles and human both programmatically and conceptually, the double skin façade system is introduced in the design of the terminal. While the outer skin cable structured curtain wall emphasizes the transparency and the boundaries of the terminal, the inner skin serves the function of acoustic and thermal separation. While the interior ramp surfaces direct people to the grand departure waiting room, it extends itself back to the landscape becoming a roof balcony, where people can gather and hang out, watching airplanes take off and land on Reykjavík.