Author: Nithirath Chaemchuen
Professors: Dr.Danai Thaitakoo, Ms. Ginggal Metchanum
Pressure from rapid regional economic growth and increased unplanned urbanization – ignored to the natural landscape – are putting the primeval rural landscape at risk . Disconnected communities, both socially and physically, caused by concrete construction and by modern housing development are among the drawback derived from bringing the local landscape infrastructure practices to an end.
The study area is the rural communities in the Kuang River basin, in northern Thailand. Here, they use Muang-Fai (canal-weir), a northern-Thai term referring to indigenous agricultural irrigation system used to manage and evenly distribute water within rural communities. Along with traditional socio-cultural system, it contributes a strong connection between communities and landscape.
The project focuses on the rural community and landscape infrastructure reconnection using the indigenous Green-Blue infrastructure system as a base-planning tool to mitigate the problems derived from an increasingly urbanized landscape. Three main questions were addressed:
How to modernize the existing landscape infrastructure?
How native communities and traditions can coexist and guide modern development?
How to mitigate the problems from urbanization and increased climatic extremes?
Thereby the proposed approach enhances ‘community spaces’ linked with the strengthened ‘community corridors’ which are green streets and a muang-fai corridor – a Green Blue corridor. Additionally, to restore canal, it is proposed to use the native edible plant to create a food source and mobility opportunity for communities besides generating a sustainable rural landscape.
The benefits are three folds:
1) increased landscape and food security, 2) enhanced biodiversity and water/air quality, 3) improved social and climatic resilience.
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